Natural ecosystems typically sustain their functions despite moderate changes in one or more of their components.  The adaptability to change is referred to as Nature’s Allostasis. Functional sustainability of ecosystems is not intrinsically possible, however, if the alterations within the ecosystem exceed certain thresholds, referred to as tipping points. The resulting failure of Nature’s Allostasis is attributed to an insufficiency of the required energy. KELEA, an acronym for Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction, is proposed as a fundamental force of Nature. Its primary role may be to prevent the fusion and annihilation of electrostatically attracted opposing electrical charges. It also functions as a life force energy that is distinct from photosynthesis and food metabolism. Various compounds and devices can create elevated localized levels of KELEA. One such compound, marketed as Kiko Technology, comprises volcanic materials that have been pulverized, heated, and subsequently cooled before being made into small cylindrical pellets. Water that is close to heightened levels of KELEA responds by a loosening of its intermolecular hydrogen bonding. The energy in KELEA activated water can assist in restoring Nature’s Allostasis in polluted inland waterways. This was shown by treating several bodies of water, which were heavily contaminated with toxic blue-green algae (cyanobacteria). Relatively few Kiko pellets in conjunction with small amounts of biochar and a mineral water conditioner were required for long-lasting remedial benefits. Moreover, there was the progressive return of wildlife to the treated regions of water.  This relatively simple approach should find widespread application to many of the world’s polluted waterways.
W John Martin MD, PhD.Institute of Progressive MedicineSouth Pasadena CA 91030Running Title: KELEA Restoring of Nature’s AllostasisAuthor Mailing Address: 1634 Spruce Street, South Pasadena CA 91030E-Mail: [email protected]: 01-626-616-2868Author ORCID Number: 0000-0002-9947-4374Conflicts of Interests: NoneWord Count w/o References, Acknowledgement, Key Words: 3,213Key Words: Nature’s allostasis, KELEA, fertilizers, pesticides, water pollution, tipping points, ecosystems, organic farming, electroculture, Kiko pellets, enerceuticalsAbbreviations: ACE – Alternative Cellular Energy, KELEA – Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction, KARNA -KELEA Assisted Restoration of Nature’s Allostasis,AbstractSynthetic chemicals are widely used in agriculture mainly as fertilizers and pesticides. These chemicals were initially considered highly beneficial for crops and relatively harmless to humans and the environment. Experience, however, has shown that many have time-limited effectiveness, yet cause persisting biological disruptions. They are also an added cost amounting to approximately $130 billion annually. Nature has a limited capacity to adapt to changed conditions, including the cultivation of large monocultures and the presence of unnatural chemicals. These adaptations are referred to as Nature’s allostasis. In addition to requiring time, allostasis depends on there being sufficient life force energy. KELEA is an acronym for Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction. It functions as a major life force energy, which can be conveyed in KELEA activated water. Various means are available to increase the KELEA level of groundwater and in turn that of growing crops. A low-cost approach to KELEA activation of water is provided by using pellets of volcanic rock materials that have been pulverized and heated before pelleting. Relatively few commercially available pellets, marketed as Kiko Technology, greatly increase the production of rice. Further, when used in conjunction with biochar, the pellets markedly reduce the levels of pollution in water, some of which would normally flow into land used for agriculture. The effects are attributed to KELEA Assisted Restoration of Nature’s Allostasis (KARNA). Without apparent adverse effects, increasing the KELEA levels in the water and soils can provide a low-cost alternative to the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture.IntroductionFood is essential for the survival of life. Yet, it is wrongly assumed that calories derived from food metabolism are the sole source of the energy expended in daily human activities. This and other reasoning support the existence of the alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway [1-2]. Further research led to the proposal that the ACE pathway is supported by a fundamental force designated as KELEA, an acronym for Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction [1,3].Agricultural research is primarily focused on ways of increasing crop yields, including minimizing losses due to competing weeds, insects, rodents, and infectious pathogens. This research has led to the continuing development of synthetic chemicals. Some of these chemicals are directly used to enhance the growth of plants, while others provide a competitive advantage for the plants over other forms of life. The former chemicals are called fertilizers, and the latter are pesticides. The major fertilizers provide various combinations of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and are referred to as NPK.Worldwide Use of Synthetic Fertilizers and PesticidesOne premise for the annual world’s usage of almost 200 million tons (4) of NPK fertilizers is that the yearly harvesting of crops creates a net loss of these minerals from the soil. If this were correct, one would seemingly need to replenish the additional minerals and other components incorporated into crops. Support for the continuing use of NPK fertilizers is also based on the dramatic fall in productivity in circumstances in which they are not available. This observation could, however, be explained if the external administration of the fertilizer markedly suppressed the intrinsic production of organic forms of these minerals by beneficial soil microbes. Coupled with these considerations is evidence of progressive environmental damage caused by the toxicity of excess fertilizers entering the world’s waterways [5]. It can also have deleterious effects on the functioning of other life forms in the soil that could otherwise contribute to the quality and vitality of plant life.Nitrogen-containing compounds are extensively used in munitions. The ending of World War II hostilities would have led to excess manufacturing capacity of organic nitrogen compounds if the producers did not promote the use of fertilizers. Without giving time for the soils to adapt, it was relatively easy to show that nitrogen compounds could increase the productivity of monocultures of crops with relatively high nitrogen content. Once the practice of using NPK fertilizers was established, it allowed for a steady increase in pricing and presumably profitability. The current approximate local cost of NPK fertilizers is $350 per ton with export prices nearing $1,000 per ton (6). Even at the lower level, the annual cost of 200 tons of NPK fertilizers amounts to $70 billion.Pesticides comprise another major grouping of agrochemicals that are being increasingly utilized in industrial agriculture. Indeed, the World’s annual financial outlay on pesticides is around $60 billion (7). The term pests include weeds, insects, rodents, and infectious pathogens. One approach has been to genetically modify the crops such that they can tolerate exposure to pesticides that are lethal to the competing weeds and other forms of life. This implies, however, that the pesticide will likely be present in consumable crops. Through natural selection, weed and other life form variants will arise, which have lost their susceptibility to the applied pesticide. This then entails additional research and development of newer pesticides, which require additional genetic modification of the crops and risks of toxic exposure to those handling and consuming the crops [8-9].Genetic engineering can also be used to render crops resistant to certain pathogens. If not, then both the crops and pathogens are being exposed to chemicals, which typically have only a marginal degree of greater selectivity for the killing of the pathogens. Not only can the crops be partially damaged by the pesticides, but so too can those who consume the contaminated crops. As with the exposure of other competing life forms, pathogens can become resistant to each successive type of pesticide used.The combined annual costs of both fertilizers and pesticides are $130 billion. Yet, with a more insightful view of Nature’s allostasis and how it can be easily assisted, neither type of agrochemical product may be necessary. Before addressing this topic, it is worthwhile to consider other efforts to reduce the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture. These are mainly occurring in smaller operations, primarily considered as horticulture.Efforts to Avoid the Use of Synthetic Fertilizers and Pesticides in FarmingOrganic farming allows for the use of compounds that occur naturally at other locations but are locally deficient. Prominent examples of added components include sea salts, humic and fulvic acids, zeolites, trace minerals, biochar, and animal manure. Microbes can be harvested from highly performing soils and greatly amplified by fermentation before being transferred to the organic farm locations. Complex mixtures of natural products are commonly used in place of synthetic pesticides to suppress the growth of microbial pathogens or to repel insects, rodents, or other crop-damaging animals. Various supply companies specialize in the marketing of products to organic farmers along with educational programs purporting the products’ advantages over the uses of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Approximately 1% of US farmlands and 1.6 % of worldwide farmlands are in organic production (10)Regenerative farming is even less prevalent. It tries to further minimize the need for external inputs by rotating or simultaneously cultivating mutually supportive crops that are of nutritional benefit to one another. There is also the reciprocal culturing of the desired crops with the planting of ground-cover plants that sustain and even enrich the growth-supporting and water-retaining qualities of the soil. Similarly, tilling of the soil is discouraged so that its water-containing properties are better preserved. More importantly, tilling can be disruptive to the balanced growth of beneficial life forms, including bacteria, fungi, and earthworms. Animal grazing and composting are also encouraged. The primary goal of regenerative farming is to establish a sustainable, diverse, and productive ecosystem that is less dependent than regular organic farming upon seasonal weather changes.Biodynamic farming further emphasizes the self-contained interactions between plants, soil, farm animals, and the climate. There are added spiritual and respectful components to these complex biological interactions. Biodynamic farming also involves the use of various homeopathic formulations and the inclusion of animal-derived flesh and bone materials in composting. Each farm is considered different such that a better understanding of its unique characteristics can lead to more effective management.Electroculture and Magnetoculture TechnologiesAnother approach to reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers and pesticides is by replicating certain historical farming practices that involve the use of devices that presumptively respond to electrical and/or magnetic impulses (11). Although yet to be introduced into industrial agriculture, small gardeners commonly report better growth of plants using various antennas. Typically used are i) vertical antennas that extend from within the soil to above the ground, and ii) north-south aligned within-the-ground antennas. The above-the-ground antennas are often coiled with some controversy as to the best direction of the coiling in the northern and southern hemispheres. The within-the-ground antennas are often magnetized in the direction of the earth’s major magnetic field. Beneficial effects on the growth of plants have also been observed using precisely angled pyramids, and both full and partially opened circles of single or multiply wrapped wires. Large-scale studies on these devices have generally provided inconclusive results. As discussed later, this uncertainty will likely change in future studies in which correlations will be sought between efficacy and to capacity to activate groundwater.KELEA Activated WaterSome farmers prize their locations as being naturally endowed with such excellent water and/or soils as not to require any synthetic or organic additives. Conversely, polluted water and soils can have deleterious effects on the growth and vitality of plants. Examples of beneficial locations are sites in which the land and water are rich in volcanic deposits. Such deposits are generally considered excellent sources of beneficial minerals. As next discussed in this article, a more likely, although still hypothetical, explanation exists for why certain sources of water have superior soil penetrating and plant growth-supporting activities.Electrical charges are viewed as attracting a fundamental force that is required to prevent the fusion and annihilation of electrostatically attracted opposing electrical charges. As noted above it is termed KELEA as an acronym for Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction (1-3). KELEA is perceived as a radiating repulsive force that can also slightly limit the strength of distant electrostatic attractions. In polar fluids such as water, it can, therefore, lead to a slight loosening of the intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the water molecules (3). It is further proposed that KELEA is utilized as a life-force energy, which is distinct from the conventional view that all biological energy arises from sunlight via photosynthesis or from the catabolism of food.Certain dipolar compounds, probably with flexibility in the separation of their electrical charged regions, can attract and then transfer added KELEA into water [12]. The compounds, referred to as enerceuticals, can be soluble or insoluble and can either be placed into the water or positioned near the water. Examples include certain herbal products (tinctures), crystals, various mineral oxides, perovskite chemicals, such as barium titanate, and unevenly mixed alloys. Pulverized volcanic rock materials that are heated to their partial melting temperatures (850o – 1,200o Celsius for 15-25 hours) followed by slow cooling and pelleting comprise another form of KELEA activating insoluble material [13]. One such pelleted product is marketed as Kiko Technology. Water placed in the vicinity of devices with fluctuating electrical charges can also become KELEA activated [14-15]. If sufficiently activated, the loosened water molecules can function as a continuing source of KELEA for nearby water such that the water activation process can spread both horizontally and vertically. Closed containers of KELEA activated water and other fluids can similarly initiate the activation of much larger volumes of water. As noted above, life forms can directly benefit from KELEA radiating from activated water.Nature’s AllostasisLife has been maintained on Earth for several billion years and is adaptable to changed conditions. The capacity to maintain life functions under changed conditions is referred to as Nature’s allostasis. This contrasts with homeostasis, which implies a single optimal mode of operation. While successful adaptation to changed conditions can require time and energy, the outcome is likely far preferable than trying to chemically intervene within the complex workings of Nature. Thus, it cannot be assumed that chemical interventions will not have major deleterious consequences. In any event, their effects can be short-lived because of Nature’s adaptive responses. This argument applies to the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Indeed, over time the accumulated toxicity of agrochemicals has pushed Nature beyond its energy-dependent allostatic capacity to restore aspects of normal functioning. Their use should be rapidly withdrawn in favor of efforts to support Nature’s allostasis. Such efforts are proving successful as reported in the following recent studies.Enhanced Rice Production Using Kiko PelletsIn a recently reported study conducted in Vietnam, a comparison was made between rice growing in fields pretreated with thirty (30) Kiko pellets per hectare and rice growing in control fields. The benefits of the Kiko pretreatment included more effective weed and rodent control, more efficient germination, deeper roots, greener color, and more abundant tillers, panicles, and rice grains. These benefits resulted in a remarkable 29% increase in total harvested rice and nearly 40% increase in the amount of milled rice [16]. Such differences have not been reported in efficacy assessments of any chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Moreover, the benefits are expected to extend into future years with the continuing transfer of KELEA into the groundwater and beneficial soil microbes.Reinvigorating Polluted Water EcosystemsA few Kiko pellets mixed with small amounts of biochar were immersed in a channel of water contaminated with toxic blue-green algae (cyanobacteria). The channel connected the water from the Spirit Lake in Iowa to one of its many tidal basins, referred to as sloughs. Over the next several days, the amount of algae contamination was significantly reduced at and beyond the treated area. A person revisited the site six weeks later. To his astonishment, a beaver had constructed a dam at the site of treatment. Before this, the person had not seen beaver activity in the region for several decades. There were also indications of other, rarely recently seen wildlife, including muskrats, and bullfrogs [17]. Additional areas of the lake were treated with similar transformations. Moreover, the return of aquatic, land, and flying wildlife has continued to progress beyond six months [18]. Adding to the apparent stepwise restoration of Spirit Lake is the die-off of zebra mussels, an invasive species [19]. Unlike the usual washed-on-shore shells, those that are now appearing in markedly increased numbers are partially disintegrated. Several other sites of heavily polluted waterways in the US have also been restored to where they now support far more wildlife. These sites include water that is directly being used in agriculture.Increased Resistance to Infectious Diseases, Insects, and RodentsThe ACE pathway was originally characterized in humans as a non-immunological defense mechanism against stealth adapted viruses [1,20]. These viruses evade recognition by the cellular immune system. Additional clinical data support the role of the ACE pathway in the defense against human infections with conventional viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Plants growing on land treated with Kiko pellets also show heightened resistance to infections. Specific examples include infection of rice with rice tungro bacilliform virus  (RTBV ) and infection of sugarcane with Downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sacchari ) [21]. Pink rot disease in Palm trees caused by Nalanthamala  vermoeseni  fungus also responded to treatment with activated water that was developed using a tincture of a species of yucca plants. This treatment gave an initial boost to the number of aerobic bacteria. These bacteria continued to proliferate as they overcame the fungal organisms. Their numbers then returned to levels found in normal Palm trees.Reduced insects and rodent infestations are also commonly reported changes in crops exposed to what can be considered as KELEA activated water. Indeed, it was once stated that rows of plants sprayed with humic acid were distinguishable at a distance from non-sprayed plants by the absence of clouds of hovering insects. Similarly, supportive observations have been made in Kiko pellets treated sugarcane fields in referring to the markedly reduced capture of rodents and the absence of rat bites on the sugarcane.Working HypothesisAs mentioned above, Nature’s allostasis refers to Nature’s ability to adjust to changing conditions to restore optimal performance. It can choose different ways of doing so depending upon the components and processes that are available. In a time and energy-dependent manner, it can work toward replacing those components and processes that are lacking and/or working around or removing those components and processes that are impairing normal function. Beneficial bacteria are considered as the primary elements in an ecosystem, possibly regulated to some extent by bacteriophages. For various theoretical reasons and supported by some data, beneficial bacteria seemingly have a survival advantage over their pathogenic counterpart when exposed to KELEA activated water. The reemerging beneficial bacteria can then create conditions for the next line of beneficial life forms to enter and thrive within the improving ecosystem. These beneficial life forms can in turn progressively allow for added diversity. As the needs arise, certain life forms may temporally dominate to remove any harmful excesses. Man’s efforts to chemically intervene within complex ecosystems can be disruptive of Nature’s ability to retain its optimal functioning. Moreover, if the interventions are too extreme, Nature may not have sufficient available energy to fully repair the disruptions. This concept is depicted in Figure 1.Providing a malfunctioning ecosystem with additional KELEA is a relatively easy process that does not require an understanding of the complexity of the ecosystems. The benefits may take time for the various levels of adjustments to occur. It is also wise to minimize further disruptions, especially with the continuing use of toxic chemicals.The transition from chemically intervening within natural processes to KARNA (KELEA Assisted Restoration of Nature’s Allostatsis) has many additional potential applications [22]. It can begin immediately by improving the quality of the world’s waterways. Large industrial farmlands should also be treated with anticipated improvements in subsequent crop yields. A centralized reporting system would help to document progress and optimize protocols. Refinements can also be made in methods for the delivery of KELEA for agricultural and other applications.ConclusionIndustrial agriculture has become dependent upon the continuing use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Yet, the proposed agricultural benefits of these expensive and potentially toxic chemicals can be equally if not better achieved by utilizing a life force energy referred to as KELEA. This is an acronym for Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction. The growing of crops comprises a complex ecosystem. Water with increased levels of KELEA can significantly enhance the quality and quantity of crops. It can do so by restoring the capacity of a disrupted agricultural ecosystem to undergo stepwise adjustments to maximize its intended functional activity. These stepwise adjustments are described as Nature’s allostasis. Nature’s allostasis requires energy, which if not sufficiently available, can prevent the restoration of agricultural land to allow for the optimal growth of the cultivated crops. The disrupted ecosystem is then said to have gone back from beyond its tipping point. Numerous means are available to increase the levels of KELEA in water for agricultural use. None has been as extensively field-tested or as inexpensively manufactured as Kiko pellets. Small, closed containers of previously activated water also hold promise for widespread use as do adaptations of electroculture and magnetoculture technologies. Examples are cited of the beneficial use of Kiko pellets in the cultivation of rice and the return of wildlife to regions of previously contaminated water.Acknowledgment. Mr. James Osugi Chairman of Kiko Technology Limited, registered in Hong Kong SAR, provided data on the manufacturing and uses of Kiko pellets. Mr. Steve Gruhn assisted with studies documenting improvements in the water and wildlife in treated regions of Spirit Lake, Iowa. Research on KELEA and the ACE Pathway is supported by MI Hope Inc., a non-profit public charity. One of the missions of MI Hope Inc. is to help in the compiling and reporting of data relating to clinical, agricultural, and industrial applications of KELEA. Information on KELEA is available in the cited references.ReferencesMartin WJ (2014) Stealth Adapted Viruses; Alternative Cellular Energy (ACE) & KELEA Activated Water. Author House, Bloomington, IN. pp 321.Martin WJ (2017) The many biological functions of the alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway. Int. J Complement. Alt. Med . 7(5): 00237.Martin WJ (2015) KELEA: A natural energy that seemingly reduces intermolecular hydrogen bonding in water and other liquids. Open J. Biophysics 5(3): 69-79.https://www.perkinelmer.com/library/fertilizer-mining-to-markets-and-beyond.htmlLenka S, Rajendiran S, Vannasda Coumar M, Donaniya ML, Saha JK (2016) Impacts of fertilizers use on environmental quality. in Society for Fertilizer and Environment in One Day Seminar on Environmental Concern for Fertilizer Use in Future. Society for Fertilizer and Environment , Kolkata, India 19-26https://www.indexbox.io/search/npk-fertilizer-price-the-united-states/#:~:text=Average,NPK%20Fertilizer%20Price%20in%20the%20United%20States%20(FOB)%20%2D%202022,21%25%20against%20the%20previous%20year.https://meche.mit.edu/news-media/farmers-use-60-billion-pesticides-each-year-2-mit-scientists-have-developed-newNieder R, Benbi DK (2021) Reactive nitrogen compounds and their influence on human health: an overview. Rev. Environ. Health37(2): 229-246.Alengebawy A, Abdelkhalek ST, Qureshi SR, Wang MQ (2021) Heavy metals and pesticides toxicity in agricultural soil and plants: Ecological risks and human health implications. Toxics 9(3): 42.https://www.globalagriculture.org/whats-new/news/en/34731.html#:~:text=In%2020%20countries%2C%2010%25%20or,%25)%20and%20Sweden%20(20.2%20%25).van Doome J (2023) Electroculture growing practical guide: A practical guide to passive electroculture techniques and their applications. Isidorus Publishers, Ranrupt, France. pp 236.Martin WJ (2016) Insufficiency of cellular energy (ICE). The basis for many illnesses potentially correctable using KELEA activated water.Int. J. Complement. Alt. Med. 4(1): 00106.https://patents.google.com/patent/US6004588A/enMartin WJ (2015) Interacting light paths attract KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) and can lead to the activation of water. Open J. Biophysics 5(4): 115-121.Martin WJ (2015) Interacting electric fields attract KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) and can lead to the activation of water. Int. J. Complement. & Alt. Med. 1(6): 00034.Martin WJ (2024) A low-cost practical approach to markedly improving rice cultivation using Kiko volcanic rock derived pellets to enhance the plants’ alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway via KELEA activation of groundwater. Mod. Concep. Dev. Agrono. 13(5): 1320-1323.Martin WJ (2024) Reinvigorating polluted water ecosystems with KELEA (Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction) in combination with biochar and water supplement. Environ. Anal. Eco. Stud. 000774. 11(5): 1353-1356.Martin WJ (2024) KELEA (Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction) stimulated alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway can restore allostasis in heavily polluted collections of water with secondary benefits to birds and land animals. MOJ Eco. Environ. Sci. 9(1): 18-22Martin WJ (2024) KELEA assisted restoration of Nature’s allostasis (KARNA) Environ. Anal. Eco. Stud . 000775 11(5) 1357-1361.Martin WJ (2003) Stealth virus culture pigments: A potential source of cellular energy. Exp. Mol. Path. 74: 210-223.Martin WJ (2014) KELEA activated water leading to improved quantity & quality of agricultural crops. Adv. Plants & Agriculture Res.2(1):00033Martin WJ (2024) KARNA – KELEA assisted restoration of Nature’s allostasis. Authorea Feb. 23. doi: 10.2254/au.170869819.90148640/v1Legend to Figure 1. An illustration of the limited extent to which Nature by itself can respond to changed environmental conditions using energy-dependent allosteric adaptations. Additional sources of energy are required to bring a discorded, energy-insufficient, environment back past the tipping points ( ) into the zone of self-correcting allostasis. KELEA can potentially provide this energy, especially through its water-activating actions. Only minimal amounts of KELEA, as indicated by the arrows, may be required to initiate the self-healing process. Copied from reference (17).
Abstract            Synthetic chemicals are increasingly being added to the environment to modify natural processes with the intent of reversing inflicted damage and/or attempting to improve upon existing functions. These efforts tend to be expensive and to lose some of their effectiveness over time. Moreover, they may induce unanticipated adverse effects, not the least of which are due to the synthetic chemicals remaining within the environment. Nature has the intrinsic capacity to modify its processes in response to changed conditions. These modifications comprise natural adaptations to retain optimal functions. Nature’s allostasis refers to the range and versatility of these adaptative responses, which can involve multiple components within any given ecosystem. Yet, there are limits to these allosteric adaptations, primarily because the required amounts of energy may not be available. These limits are referred to as tipping points, beyond which there are persisting functional impairments. Nature uses an energy that is referred to by the acronym KELEA (Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction). Providing disordered ecosystems with added KELEA is proving to be an inexpensive, more effective, and non-toxic alternative to using synthetic chemicals. The added KELEA is intended to restore Nature’s capacity for allostatic adaptations and, thereby, regain normal functional activity. This article cites several published health, agricultural, and industrial applications of KELEA involving the use of fluid-activating volcanic material-derived Kiko pellets. The potential worldwide cost savings achievable by replacing many of the currently used chemical-based modifications with KELEA-based approaches are likely to be in the trillions of dollars. Moreover, there are certain energy-based applications for which there are no chemical-based alternatives. Educational programs, coupled with clear documentation of benefits, will be key factors in accepting the concept of KARNA – KELEA Assisted Restoration of Nature’s Allostasis.
W John Martin MD, PhD. and Steve GruhnInstitute of Progressive MedicineSouth Pasadena CA 91030Running Title: Ecological Restoration Through the Action of KELEA on Polluted WaterAuthor Mailing Address: 1634 Spruce Street South Pasadena CA 91030E-Mail: [email protected]: 01-626-616-2868Author ORCID Number: 0000-0002-9947-4374Conflicts of Interests: NoneWord Count w/o References, Figure Legends, and Acknowledgement: 1,710AbstractThis article introduces a simple and cost-effective method to restore ecological allostasis in disordered environments damaged by water pollution. It is achievable by elevating the water level of a life force energy appropriately called KELEA (Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction). KELEA is proposed as the driving force of the Alternative Cellular Energy (ACE) pathway. This pathway differs from cellular energy obtained via metabolism from the calories in consumed food. Previously pulverized, heated, and subsequently pelleted volcanic rock material, marketed as Kiko Technology, can initiate a continuing process beginning with KELEA activation of water molecules. This can lead to a reduction in dissolved contaminants, some of which can be further removed using adsorbing charcoal (42-Biochar). This combination has led to a reemergence of normal fauna in a treated tributary of the Big Spirit Lake in Iowa. Many of the resulting adaptive environmental changes may reflect an early increase in the levels of beneficial microbes within the treated water. Continuing allosteric adaptations can recreate an environment conducive to larger animal species’ survival. Providing sufficient cellular energy to empower Nature’s capacity for self-healing represents a major paradigm shift from relying upon filtrations and additions of complex chemicals to cleanse polluted water.Key Words:KELEA, Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction, ACE, Alternative Cellular Energy, Nature, Water Pollution, Tipping Points, Blue green algae, zebra mussels, hydrogen sulfide, ecology, fauna, Kiko pellets, Biochar, Water, Big Spirit Lake, Allostasis, Beaver, Muskrat, Beneficial microbesIntroductionMost natural phenomena undergo considerable day-to-day and/or season-to-season variabilities. Yet, through allosteric adaptations to temporary changes [1], Nature maintains a rather constant and predictable mean value when viewed over extended periods. There is, however, a growing realization that some phenomena, such as global warming, may have exceeded the limits from which the natural restoration toward the norm is no longer possible. So too can be the intrinsic capacity of Nature to recover from excessive regional levels of water and atmospheric pollution. This irreversibility reflects the folly of humans who have forced aspects of Nature beyond what have become tipping points. These situations can be framed within the context of the accumulation of detrimental effects surpassing and overwhelming the resilient capacity of natural repair and regeneration.Nature has endowed humans with many wonderments in terms of beauty and resources. Humans have also gained a better understanding of ways of assisting Nature to return to a more self-sustainable eco-balance. There is both an opportunity and an obligation to use this understanding to give back to Nature.This article describes the continuing secondary benefits that can be triggered by using a simple approach to initiate improvements in the quality of water, which has been environmentally damaged. The approach is based on the cost-effective utilization of a natural force termed KELEA, an abbreviation for Kinetic Energy Limiting Electrostatic Attraction [2]. It is proposed that Nature depends on this energy to prevent the fusion and potential annihilation of electrostatically attracted opposing electrical charges. KELEA also serves as a life force energy mainly through its ability to loosen the electrostatic hydrogen bonding between water molecules [3]. It reduces the bonding of water molecules to hydrophilic chemicals as well as to various electrolytes. Conversely, KELEA can increase the capacity of water to accommodate hydrophobic molecules, including oxygen. Many chemical reactions can be equated with the transfer of KELEA between the reacting molecules [4]. KELEA’s life-supporting activities occur through what has been termed the Alternative Cellular Energy (ACE) pathway [5].A reasonable speculation is that KELEA comes to the earth in association with the electrical charges that comprise cosmic rays. It has been further proposed that the atmospheric electrical charges, which are created by the greatly increased levels of manmade electromagnetic transmission, have reduced the levels of KELEA reaching the earth’s surface [6]. This is a potential explanation for some of the environmental changes affecting the earth, including a reduced natural self-correcting allostatic ability to maintain healthy water.Regional Areas of Unhealthy WaterThe quality of water in many lakes and rivers has deteriorated over the last several decades. In addition to the proposed reduction in KELEA, much of the deterioration is blamed on contaminating toxic chemicals, including fertilizers, pesticides, industrial wastes, and heavy metals. Among the unfavorable outcomes is the loss of diversity of life forms, with periods of excessive growth of dominating organisms like toxin-producing algae, phytoplankton, and in some locations, invasive species such as zebra mussels in the Great Lakes of North America [7]. Anaerobic microbial metabolism can lead to the production of malodorous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and methane (CH4).Increasing the Availability of KELEACertain compounds and devices with fluctuating electrical charges can amplify the local levels of KELEA [8-11]. When placed into or even nearby to water, these compounds and devices can increase the level of KELEA in the water. Volcanic rock material that is formed into small pellets after being pulverized into a fine powder and heated to around 1,200o Celsius provides a low-cost way of increasing the levels of KELEA in accumulated bodies of water. These pellets are being marketed under the name Kiko. Relatively few Kiko pellets are needed in a body of water because the locally loosened water molecules can begin to attract KELEA with the further horizontal and vertical spreading of the KELEA-mediated water-activating process.Capacity of Biochar to Adsorb Toxins and to Add to the Level of Water ActivationBiochar refers to carbon-rich particulate material that can be produced by the burning of biological materials in an environment with insufficient oxygen to convert the carbon content of the material to carbon monoxide and/or carbon dioxide. The resulting carbon particles typically have an excess of negative hydroxyl charges that can bind positively charged heavy metals, some of which can further link to other negative charges. In this way, adding biochar to water can help reduce levels of both positive-charged and negative-charged toxic chemicals. Electrostatic biochar (animated ash) can also attract environmental KELEA enabling an additional level of water activation.Beneficial MicrobesNature has a dynamic fluidity of interacting components, broadly classified as inorganic or organic. Bacteria and other microbes play major roles in the bilateral conversions between these two categories. They also form the foundations for the continuing vitality of other life forms, including plants, animals, and humans. Alterations within the microbial populations are associated with many types of disorders. An empirical observation is that KELEA activated water is more supportive of beneficial versus altered microbes. This is supported by ongoing studies, which include the use of small additions of minerals and amino acids supplements to KELEA activated water.Specific ProtocolSix Kiko pellets were placed in two water-permeable bags containing approximately 20 pounds of 42-biochar. The bags were submerged into the water in a narrow tributary close to where it enters the Big Spirit Lake in Iowa. Within a few days, there was a noticeable reduction in the surface algae and a marked reduction in the detection of hydrogen sulfide gas. Without any further interventions, the water became progressively clearer over the next several weeks. What next occurred was truly remarkable. Beavers appeared and constructed a dam across the waterway (Figure 1). A long-term resident could not recall seeing signs of beavers anywhere along this waterway over the last 20-30 years. Beavers are sometimes considered keystone species in helping to create ecological environments that are supportive of other animals [12]. Consistent with this premise, there were sounds and sightings of bullfrogs and the appearance of muskrats’ mounds. Again, the long-term resident could recall hearing or seeing either over the last 20-30 years. He also saw far more birds than on his prior visit.The indications are that the improved water quality is extending further along the tributary with more live animals appearing on the water banks. The simple intervention has seemingly restored a sustainable and expanding self-correcting ecosystem. Indeed, the bags containing the Kiko pellets and biochar have now been removed from the water.The use of Kiko pellets in conjunction with biochar was seemingly able to reduce certain critical components, which were preventing spontaneous and adaptive repair of the ecosystem. Bringing these components back below the threshold or trigger point has reenabled a continuing capacity for self-repair. Having pushed Nature beyond these thresholds, it is fitting that humans actively contribute to Nature’s reentry into the allosteric zone of self-reinvigoration [13].Based on these results, several other tributaries into the Big Spirit Lake have now been treated using all three approaches (Kiko pellets, biochar, and nutrients). Quality of water improvements are occurring in the treated areas. Other areas of contaminated water are currently undergoing similar treatments with equally favorable results. These include water on a major golf course that had been contaminated for years with blooms of toxic algae.PerspectiveConventional efforts to enhance water quality typically focus on eliminating toxic substances through filtration, absorption, and chemical interventions to control overgrown harmful organisms. The repeated occurrences of noxious algae blooms and the persistent presence of pesticides, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, industrial wastes, and heavy metals in Big Spirit Lake and its tributaries underscore the limitations of these methods. Additionally, the invasive zebra mussels throughout the lake contribute to clogged pipes and diminished plankton levels. While Nature can naturally adapt to certain levels of disturbances through allostasis, exceeding these levels leads to a breakdown in self-repairing mechanisms. This then results in disorder, which becomes further reflected in the loss of wildlife and consequential additional environmental damage. Rather than trying to address individual aberrations, such as using copper to poison zebra mussels [14], a more straightforward approach is to simply provide Nature with additional life-force energy. This is intended to bring Nature back into the allostasis zone (Figure 2). By doing so, Nature can initiate further progressive allosteric adaptations toward self-repair. Thus, even minimal human intervention by elevating the water levels of KELEA has the potential to reinvigorate multiple life forms. The life-repairing process probably begins with the support of beneficial microbes, possibly reactivating some that had become dormant. These beneficial microbes, in turn, contribute to creating favorable environments for more complex life forms, fostering further environmental improvement. The approach of harmonizing with Nature, rather than manipulating individual components, extends to the use of KELEA in improving human and animal health, agriculture, and creating more efficient industrial processes, including fuel consumption [15-21].Acknowledgment. Mr. James Osugi Chairman of Kiko Technology Limited, registered in Hong Kong SAR, provided the Kiko pellets and directions for their use. Mr. Steve Gruhn is an executive in the corporation that provided the 42-biochar. He lives near the Big Spirit Lake and personally applied pellets and biochar to the first selected site. Mr. Dave Sybesma of D&K Investments has treated the other five sites on the lake. He has also supplied the mineral water solution. Research on KELEA and the ACE Pathway is supported by MI Hope Inc., a non-profit public charity. One of the missions of MI Hope Inc. is to help in the compiling and reporting of data relating to clinical, agricultural, and industrial applications of KELEA. Information on KELEA is available in the cited references.ReferencesSchulkin J (2004) Allostasis, Homeostasis, and the Costs of Physiological Adaptation . Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom pp 372Martin WJ (2014) Stealth Adapted Viruses; Alternative Cellular Energy (ACE) & KELEA Activated Water. Author House, Bloomington IN USA p321.Martin WJ (2015) KELEA: A natural energy that seemingly reduces intermolecular hydrogen bonding in water and other liquids. Open J. Biophysics 5(3): 69-79.Martin WJ (2017) Is KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) a source of chemical energy? MOJ Biorg. Org. Chem.1(2): 54‒58.Martin WJ (2017) The many biological functions of the alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway. Int. J. Complement. Alt. Med.7(5): 00237.Martin WJ (2016) KELEA, cosmic rays, cloud formation and electromagnetic radiation: Electropolution as a possible explanation for climate change. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences 6(2): 174-179.Larson JH, Bailey SW, Evans MA (2022) Biofouling of a unionid mussel by dreissenid mussels in nearshore zones of the Great Lakes.Ecol Evol 12(12): e9557.Martin WJ (2015) KELEA activation of water and other fluids for health, agriculture and industry. J. Water Resources and Protection 7(16): 1331-1344.Martin WJ (2015) Interacting light paths attract KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) and can lead to the activation of water. Open J Biophysics 5(4): 115-121.Martin WJ (2015) Interacting electric fields attract KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) and can lead to the activation of water. Int. J. Complement. Alt. Med. 1(6): 00034.Martin WJ (2015) Is the brain an activator of the alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway? Int J Complement Alt Med. 1(1): 00002.Fedyń I, Przepióra F, Sobociński W, Wyka J, Ciach M. Eurasian beaver - A semi-aquatic ecosystem engineer rearranges the assemblage of terrestrial mammals in winter (2022) Sci, Total Environ. 831: 154919.Schulkin J (2004) Allostasis, Homeostasis, and the Costs of Physiological Adaptation . Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom pp 372Le TTY, Grabner D, Nachev M, Peijnenburg WJGM, Hendriks AJ, Sures B. (2021) Modelling copper toxicokinetics in the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, under chronic exposures at various pH and sodium concentrations. Chemosphere 267: 129278.Martin WJ (2014) KELEA activated water leading to improved quantity & quality of agricultural crops. Adv. Plants & Agriculture Research 2(1): 00033.Martin WJ (2015) KELEA activation of water and other fluids for health, agriculture and industry. J. Water Resources and Protection 7(16): 1331-1344.Martin WJ (2021) Enhancing the alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway with KELEA activated water as therapy for infectious diseases.Infectious Disorders – Drug Targets 21(3): 314-19.Martin WJ (2023) A low-cost practical approach to markedly improving rice cultivation using Kiko volcanic rock derived pellets to enhance the plants’ alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway via KELEA activation of groundwater. agriRxiv October 25.Martin WJ (2015) Improved efficiency of heat exchange using KELEA activated water. Open J. Energy Efficiency 4: 36-43.Martin WJ (2016) KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) can markedly improve the performance of gasoline and diesel fuels in power generation and transportation. J. Transportation Technologies 6(3): 148-154.Martin WJ (2017) Using KELEA (kinetic energy limiting electrostatic attraction) to improve the efficiency of fuel combustion. Open J. Air Pollution 6(3): 103-116.Legend to Figure 1. Photograph of the beaver dam across the tributary to the Big Spirit Lake. The photo was taken by Mr. Steve Gruhn three months after he had added KELEA-attracting Kiko pellets and 42-biochar to this same site. At the time of the addition, the water at this location was covered with blue green algae and was producing noxious hydrogen sulfide gas.Legend to Figure 2. An illustration of the limited extent to which Nature by itself can respond to changed environmental conditions using energy-dependent allosteric adaptations. Additional sources of energy are required to bring a discorded, energy-insufficient, environment back past the tipping points ( ) into the zone of self-correcting allostasis. KELEA can potentially provide this energy, especially through its water-activating actions. Only minimal amounts of KELEA, as indicated by the arrows, may be required to initiate the self-healing process.
The cellular immune system normally responds to relatively few of the different structural components that comprise the complete virus. Mutation or deletion of the genes coding for these few antigenic components is an immune evasion mechanism termed “stealth adaptation.” I initially used this term to describe a virus derived from an African green monkey simian cytomegalovirus (SCMV). This article provides an extended discussion of the Public Health relevance of previously reported findings relating to this virus. Of particular significance, the virus did not evoke inflammation in the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patient from whom the virus was repeatedly cultured, nor in virus inoculated animals. The viral genome consists of multiple fragments of double stranded DNA with lengths of approximately twenty thousand nucleotides (20 kb). This is in marked contrast to the > 225 kb size of the normal SCMV genome. Purified virus DNA was cloned, and sequence data were subsequently obtained. Most of the cloned sequences match to regions corresponding in their entirety to only approximately half of the originating SCMV genome. These matching sequences are very unevenly distributed along the SCMV genome. Moreover, there are significant genetic sequence differences between clones matching to identical regions of the SCMV genome. In addition to the SCMV matching sequences, there are sequences that match to regions of the human genome. There are also sequences that match closely to genes of bacterial origin. The major sources of the bacterial sequences in the initially cultured stealth adapted virus are from Mycoplasma fermentans and Ochrobactrum quorumnocens bacteria. These findings have extended the generic concept of stealth adaptation to include not only the loss or mutation of portions of the originating virus genome, which would have otherwise resulted in cellular immune recognition, but also the potential incorporation/acquisition of additional “renegade” genetic sequences from cellular genes and from other microbial genomes. The apparent acquisition of cellular genetic sequences by stealth adapted viruses may potentially lead to the infectious transmission of genetically determined illnesses. The inclusion of bacterial sequences is also concerning since it indicates possible bacteria mediated transmission of infectious stealth adapted viruses. Furthermore, the transmissible bacterial sequences can potentially result in the mistaken diagnosis of a stealth adapted virus infection for a bacterial disease. Examples are likely to include chronic Lyme disease and PANDAS, a severe childhood psychiatric illness. Public Health officials should respond urgently to the existence of stealth adapted viruses.